Data security shields physical and digital data from loss and access by unauthorized people. It is a must for every business as it ensures that personal data is available to authorized users, and is safe, confidential and safe. It also helps to prevent the loss or compromise of sensitive information in the case of cyberattacks. A good data protection program is an array of tools that will ensure these six best practices essential to a successful program:
The authentication and authorization process is essential to any data security strategy. When your data is at rest or in transport it is important to confirm that only authorized users have access using credentials, such as passwords or encryption keys, or other methods of authentication, like multi-factor identification (MFA) in which the user has to provide more than one form of verification.
The company should be able to track its application data and be aware of the time when sensitive data is in a particular condition, such as “at rest”, “in transit” or “in use”.
As data accumulation increases and data collection increases, it becomes difficult for companies to keep track of all the sensitive information. This is why it’s vital to follow the principle of least privilege, which stipulates that users should be given only the data they require to perform their job. By limiting permissions to a minimum, you will improve your overall security posture and reduce storage and bandwidth costs. Lastly your data usage policy should outline how data is used, and set repercussions for any policy violations.